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Từ điển WordNet v3.1 - WordNet Dictionary
work



I - noun
1. activity directed toward making or doing something (Freq. 90)
- she checked several points needing further work
Hypernyms:
activity
Hyponyms:
wash, washing, lavation, action, job,
operation, procedure, service, shining, polishing, heavy lifting,
housewifery, housework, housekeeping, ironing, busywork, make-work,
logging, loose end, unfinished business, nightwork, paperwork, welfare work,
social service, labor, labour, toil, subbing, substituting,
investigation, investigating, care, attention, aid, tending,
duty, mission, missionary work, spadework, timework, undertaking,
project, task, coursework
2. a product produced or accomplished through the effort or activity or agency of a person or thing (Freq. 76)
- it is not regarded as one of his more memorable works
- the symphony was hailed as an ingenious work
- he was indebted to the pioneering work of John Dewey
- the work of an active imagination
- erosion is the work of wind or water over time
Syn:
piece of work
Hypernyms:
product, production
Hyponyms:
follow-up, followup, handicraft, handcraft, handiwork,
handwork, ironwork, lacework, lacquerware, leatherwork, masterpiece,
chef-d'oeuvre, metalwork, openwork, polychrome, silverwork, wicker,
wickerwork, caning, woodwork, work in progress, workpiece, publication
3. the occupation for which you are paid (Freq. 27)
- he is looking for employment
- a lot of people are out of work
Syn:
employment
Hypernyms:
occupation, business, job, line of work, line
Hyponyms:
coaching, coaching job, engagement, booking, ministry,
seafaring, navigation, sailing, workload, work load, piecework,
service, telecommuting, teleworking, services, public service, paper route
4. applying the mind to learning and understanding a subject (especially by reading) (Freq. 11)
- mastering a second language requires a lot of work
- no schools offer graduate study in interior design
Syn:
study
Derivationally related forms:
studious (for: study), study (for: study)
Hypernyms:
learning, acquisition
5. (physics) a manifestation of energy;
the transfer of energy from one physical system to another expressed as the product of a force and the distance through which it moves a body in the direction of that force (Freq. 5)
- work equals force times distance
Topics:
physics, natural philosophy
Hypernyms:
energy, free energy
6. a place where work is done (Freq. 3)
- he arrived at work early today
Syn:
workplace
Hypernyms:
geographic point, geographical point
Hyponyms:
bakery, bakeshop, bakehouse, beehive, brokerage house,
brokerage, central, telephone exchange, exchange, colliery, pit,
creamery, drill site, farm, fishery, piscary, fish farm,
forge, smithy, gasworks, glassworks, ironworks, job,
lab, laboratory, research lab, research laboratory, science lab, science laboratory,
laundry, location, lumberyard, oyster bed, oyster bank, oyster park,
proving ground, ropewalk, rope yard, roundhouse, shipyard, shop floor,
studio, tannery, test bed, waterworks, workshop, shop
Part Meronyms:
locker room
7. the total output of a writer or artist (or a substantial part of it)
- he studied the entire Wagnerian oeuvre
- Picasso's work can be divided into periods
Syn:
oeuvre, body of work
Hypernyms:
end product, output
Hyponyms:
writing

II - verb
1. exert oneself by doing mental or physical work for a purpose or out of necessity (Freq. 74)
- I will work hard to improve my grades
- she worked hard for better living conditions for the poor
Ant:
idle
Derivationally related forms:
worker
Hyponyms:
work through, run through, go through, putter, mess around,
potter, tinker, monkey, monkey around, muck about, muck around,
carpenter, clerk, page, wait, waitress, pull one's weight,
electioneer, assist, beaver, beaver away, work at, work on,
plug away, peg away, slog, keep one's nose to the grindstone, keep one's shoulder to the wheel, busy,
occupy, collaborate, join forces, cooperate, get together, volunteer,
specialize, specialise, minister, intern, skipper, boondoggle,
skimp, scant, whore, serve
Verb Group:
do work
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s
- Somebody ----s PP
- Sam and Sue work
2. be employed (Freq. 62)
- Is your husband working again?
- My wife never worked
- Do you want to work after the age of 60?
- She never did any work because she inherited a lot of money
- She works as a waitress to put herself through college
Syn:
do work
Derivationally related forms:
worker
Hyponyms:
serve, bank, fill, take, occupy,
drive, tinker, fink, scab, rat, blackleg,
labor, labour, toil, fag, travail, grind,
drudge, dig, moil, farm, moonlight, job,
man, slave, break one's back, buckle down, knuckle down, subcontract,
turn a trick, freelance
Verb Group:
put to work
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s
- Somebody ----s PP
3. have an effect or outcome;
often the one desired or expected (Freq. 32)
- The voting process doesn't work as well as people thought
- How does your idea work in practice?
- This method doesn't work
- The breaks of my new car act quickly
- The medicine works only if you take it with a lot of water
Syn:
act
Derivationally related forms:
workable
Hypernyms:
succeed, win, come through, bring home the bacon, deliver the goods
Verb Group:
bring, play, wreak, make for
Verb Frames:
- Something ----s
- Something is ----ing PP
4. perform as expected when applied (Freq. 20)
- The washing machine won't go unless it's plugged in
- Does this old car still run well?
- This old radio doesn't work anymore
Syn:
function, operate, go, run
Ant:
malfunction (for: function)
Derivationally related forms:
operative (for: operate), operant (for: operate), operation (for: operate), functioning (for: function)
Hyponyms:
double, roll, run, cut, service, serve
Verb Group:
run
Verb Frames:
- Something ----s
- These cars won't work
5. shape, form, or improve a material (Freq. 9)
- work stone into tools
- process iron
- work the metal
Syn:
work on, process
Derivationally related forms:
process (for: process), workable
Hypernyms:
transform, transmute, transubstantiate
Hyponyms:
hot-work, coldwork, cold work, overwork, rework,
make over, retread, rack, tool, till
Verb Group:
shape, form, mold, mould, forge
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something
6. give a workout to (Freq. 9)
- Some parents exercise their infants
- My personal trainer works me hard
- work one's muscles
- this puzzle will exercise your mind
Syn:
exercise, work out
Derivationally related forms:
workout (for: work out), exercise (for: exercise), exerciser (for: exercise)
Hypernyms:
put to work
Hyponyms:
warm up
Verb Group:
exercise, work out
Cause:
exercise, work out
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something
- Somebody ----s somebody
- They work the animals
7. proceed along a path (Freq. 5)
- work one's way through the crowd
- make one's way into the forest
Syn:
make
Hypernyms:
pass, go through, go across
Hyponyms:
claw, jostle, bushwhack
Verb Frames:
- Something is ----ing PP
- Somebody ----s PP
- They work up the hill
8. operate in a certain place, area, or specialty (Freq. 4)
- She works the night clubs
- The salesman works the Midwest
- This artist works mostly in acrylics
Verb Group:
do work
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something
- Somebody ----s PP
- They work in the city
9. proceed towards a goal or along a path or through an activity (Freq. 3)
- work your way through every problem or task
- She was working on her second martini when the guests arrived
- Start from the bottom and work towards the top
Hypernyms:
go, proceed, move
Verb Group:
make
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s PP
10. move in an agitated manner (Freq. 3)
- His fingers worked with tension
Hypernyms:
move, displace
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something
11. cause to happen or to occur as a consequence (Freq. 3)
- I cannot work a miracle
- wreak havoc
- bring comments
- play a joke
- The rain brought relief to the drought-stricken area
Syn:
bring, play, wreak, make for
See Also:
bring on (for: bring), bring off (for: bring), bring up (for: bring)
Derivationally related forms:
workable
Hypernyms:
make, create
Verb Group:
act
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something
- Something ----s something
12. cause to work (Freq. 2)
- he is working his servants hard
Syn:
put to work
Hypernyms:
use, utilize, utilise, apply, employ
Hyponyms:
exercise, work out, warm up, cybernate, computerize,
computerise, rack, overwork, exploit
Verb Group:
do work
Cause:
do work
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something
- Somebody ----s somebody
- They work the animals
13. prepare for crops (Freq. 2)
- Work the soil
- cultivate the land
Syn:
cultivate, crop
Derivationally related forms:
crop (for: crop), cultivation (for: cultivate), cultivator (for: cultivate)
Topics:
farming, agriculture, husbandry
Hypernyms:
fix, prepare, set up, ready, gear up, set
Hyponyms:
overcrop, overcultivate
Verb Group:
knead
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something
14. behave in a certain way when handled
- This dough does not work easily
- The soft metal works well
Hypernyms:
be
Verb Group:
knead
Verb Frames:
- Something ----s Adjective/Noun
15. operate in or through
- Work the phones
Hypernyms:
operate, run
Verb Group:
function, operate, go, run
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something
16. cause to operate or function
- This pilot works the controls
- Can you work an electric drill?
Derivationally related forms:
workable
Hypernyms:
manage, deal, care, handle
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something
17. provoke or excite
- The rock musician worked the crowd of young girls into a frenzy
Hypernyms:
stimulate, excite, stir
Verb Group:
exploit
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s somebody
- Something ----s somebody
18. gratify and charm, usually in order to influence
- the political candidate worked the crowds
Hypernyms:
capture, enamour, trance, catch, becharm,
enamor, captivate, beguile, charm, fascinate, bewitch,
entrance, enchant
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s somebody
- Something ----s somebody
19. move into or onto
- work the raisins into the dough
- the student worked a few jokes into his presentation
- work the body onto the flatbed truck
Hypernyms:
move, displace
Hyponyms:
stir
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something
- Somebody ----s PP
20. cause to undergo fermentation
- We ferment the grapes for a very long time to achieve high alcohol content
- The vintner worked the wine in big oak vats
Syn:
ferment
Derivationally related forms:
fermentation (for: ferment), ferment (for: ferment), fermenting (for: ferment)
Hypernyms:
convert
Hyponyms:
vinify
Verb Group:
sour, turn, ferment
Cause:
sour, turn, ferment
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something
- Something ----s something
21. have and exert influence or effect
- The artist's work influenced the young painter
- She worked on her friends to support the political candidate
Syn:
influence, act upon
Derivationally related forms:
influence (for: influence)
Hypernyms:
affect, impact, bear upon, bear on, touch on, touch
Hyponyms:
prejudice, prepossess, imprint, form, militate,
manipulate, pull strings, pull wires, color, colour, swing,
swing over, blackmail, blackjack, pressure, carry, persuade,
sway, get at, fix, dominate
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something
- Somebody ----s somebody
- Something ----s somebody
- Something ----s something
- Somebody ----s PP
22. make uniform
- knead dough
- work the clay until it is soft
Syn:
knead
Hypernyms:
manipulate
Hyponyms:
proof, masticate
Verb Group:
cultivate, crop
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something
23. use or manipulate to one's advantage
- He exploit the new taxation system
- She knows how to work the system
- he works his parents for sympathy
Syn:
exploit
Derivationally related forms:
exploitive (for: exploit), exploitative (for: exploit), exploitatory (for: exploit), exploitation (for: exploit), exploiter (for: exploit)
Hypernyms:
use, utilize, utilise, apply, employ
Hyponyms:
make hay, play, avail, help, prey,
feed, use
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something
- Somebody ----s somebody
24. go sour or spoil
- The milk has soured
- The wine worked
- The cream has turned--we have to throw it out
Syn:
sour, turn, ferment
Derivationally related forms:
fermentation (for: ferment), ferment (for: ferment), souring (for: sour)
Hypernyms:
change state, turn
Verb Group:
ferment
Verb Frames:
- Something ----s
25. find the solution to (a problem or question) or understand the meaning of
- did you solve the problem?
- Work out your problems with the boss
- this unpleasant situation isn't going to work itself out
- did you get it?
- Did you get my meaning?
- He could not work the math problem
Syn:
solve, work out, figure out, puzzle out, lick
Derivationally related forms:
workable, solution (for: solve), solver (for: solve), solvent (for: solve), solving (for: solve)
Hypernyms:
understand
Hyponyms:
answer, resolve, riddle, strike, guess,
infer, break
Entailment:
reason
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something
26. make something, usually for a specific function
- She molded the rice balls carefully
- Form cylinders from the dough
- shape a figure
- Work the metal into a sword
Syn:
shape, form, mold, mould, forge
Derivationally related forms:
mold (for: mold), form (for: form), formation (for: form), shape (for: shape), shaper (for: shape), shaping (for: shape)
Hypernyms:
create from raw material, create from raw stuff
Hyponyms:
carve, swage, upset, chip, layer,
cut out, machine, grind, stamp, puddle, beat,
preform, mound, hill, roughcast, reshape, remold,
sinter, cast, mold, mould, throw, handbuild,
hand-build, coil, sculpt, sculpture, model
Verb Group:
work on, process
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something
- Somebody ----s something PP
27. arrive at a certain condition through repeated motion
- The stitches of the hem worked loose after she wore the skirt many times
Hypernyms:
become, go, get
Verb Frames:
- Something ----s Adjective/Noun

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