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Từ điển WordNet v3.1 - WordNet Dictionary
spell



I - noun
1. a psychological state induced by (or as if induced by) a magical incantation (Freq. 4)
Syn:
enchantment, trance
Derivationally related forms:
trance (for: trance), enchant (for: enchantment)
Hypernyms:
psychological state, psychological condition, mental state, mental condition
Hyponyms:
possession, fascination, captivation
2. a period of indeterminate length (usually short) marked by some action or condition (Freq. 1)
- he was here for a little while
- I need to rest for a piece
- a spell of good weather
- a patch of bad weather
Syn:
while, piece, patch
Hypernyms:
time
Hyponyms:
cold spell, cold snap, hot spell, snap
3. a time for working (after which you will be relieved by someone else) (Freq. 1)
- it's my go
- a spell of work
Syn:
go, tour, turn
Derivationally related forms:
go (for: go)
Hypernyms:
shift, work shift, duty period
4. a verbal formula believed to have magical force
- he whispered a spell as he moved his hands
- inscribed around its base is a charm in Balinese
Syn:
magic spell, magical spell, charm
Derivationally related forms:
charm (for: charm)
Hypernyms:
speech, speech communication, spoken communication, spoken language, language,
voice communication, oral communication
Hyponyms:
incantation, conjuration, hex, jinx, curse, whammy

II - verb
1. orally recite the letters of or give the spelling of (Freq. 2)
- How do you spell this word?" "We had to spell out our names for the police officer
Syn:
spell out
Derivationally related forms:
speller, spelling
Hypernyms:
recite
Hyponyms:
misspell
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something
2. indicate or signify (Freq. 2)
- I'm afraid this spells trouble!
Syn:
import
Derivationally related forms:
import (for: import)
Hypernyms:
mean, intend
Verb Frames:
- Something ----s something
3. write or name the letters that comprise the conventionally accepted form of (a word or part of a word) (Freq. 1)
- He spelled the word wrong in this letter
Syn:
write
Derivationally related forms:
spelling
Hyponyms:
spell out, hyphenate, hyphen
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something
4. relieve (someone) from work by taking a turn
- She spelled her husband at the wheel
Hypernyms:
take over, relieve
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s somebody
5. place under a spell
Ant:
unspell
Hypernyms:
hex, bewitch, glamour, witch, enchant, jinx
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s somebody
6. take turns working
- the workers spell every four hours
Hypernyms:
alternate, take turns
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s

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