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Từ điển WordNet v3.1 - WordNet Dictionary
penetrate



verb
1. pass into or through, often by overcoming resistance (Freq. 7)
- The bullet penetrated her chest
Syn:
perforate
Derivationally related forms:
perforation (for: perforate), penetrator
Hypernyms:
enter, come in, get into, get in, go into,
go in, move into
Hyponyms:
probe, dig into, poke into, cut, interpenetrate,
permeate, strike, break, foray, sneak in, creep in,
pervade, diffuse, imbue, riddle, honeycomb, pierce,
thrust, tunnel, percolate, sink in, filter, ingrain,
grain, immerse, plunge, storm, force, ooze through
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something
- Something ----s something
- Somebody ----s PP
2. come to understand (Freq. 3)
Syn:
fathom, bottom
Derivationally related forms:
penetrative, penetration
Hypernyms:
understand
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something
- Somebody ----s somebody
- Somebody ----s that CLAUSE
3. become clear or enter one's consciousness or emotions (Freq. 1)
- It dawned on him that she had betrayed him
- she was penetrated with sorrow
Syn:
click, get through, dawn, come home, get across,
sink in, fall into place
Cause:
understand
Verb Frames:
- Something ----s
4. spread or diffuse through
- An atmosphere of distrust has permeated this administration
- music penetrated the entire building
- His campaign was riddled with accusations and personal attacks
Syn:
permeate, pervade, interpenetrate, diffuse, imbue, riddle
Derivationally related forms:
diffusive (for: diffuse), diffusion (for: diffuse), diffusor (for: diffuse), interpenetration (for: interpenetrate), penetrative, pervasive (for: pervade), pervasion (for: pervade), permeative (for: permeate), permeant (for: permeate), permeation (for: permeate)
Hypernyms:
perforate
Hyponyms:
spiritize, spiritise
Verb Frames:
- Something ----s something
5. enter a group or organization in order to spy on the members
- The student organization was infiltrated by a traitor
Syn:
infiltrate
Derivationally related forms:
infiltration (for: infiltrate), infiltrator (for: infiltrate)
Hypernyms:
join, fall in, get together
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something
6. make one's way deeper into or through
- The hikers did not manage to penetrate the dense forest
Derivationally related forms:
penetration
Hypernyms:
advance, progress, pass on, move on, march on, go on
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s PP
7. insert the penis into the vagina or anus of
- Did the molester penetrate the child?
Derivationally related forms:
penetration
Hypernyms:
insert, infix, enter, introduce
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s somebody

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