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Từ điển WordNet v3.1 - WordNet Dictionary
labor


I - noun
1. a social class comprising those who do manual labor or work for wages (Freq. 20)
- there is a shortage of skilled labor in this field
Syn:
labour, working class, proletariat
Derivationally related forms:
proletarian (for: proletariat)
Hypernyms:
class, stratum, social class, socio-economic class
Hyponyms:
labor force, labor pool, lumpenproletariat, organized labor
Member Meronyms:
proletarian, prole, worker
2. productive work (especially physical work done for wages) (Freq. 20)
- his labor did not require a great deal of skill
Syn:
labour, toil
Derivationally related forms:
toil (for: toil), labour (for: labour), laborious
Hypernyms:
work
Hyponyms:
roping, corvee, drudgery, plodding, grind,
donkeywork, effort, elbow grease, exertion, travail, sweat,
hunt, hunting, hackwork, haymaking, manual labor, manual labour,
overwork, overworking, slavery
3. concluding state of pregnancy;
from the onset of contractions to the birth of a child
- she was in labor for six hours
Syn:
parturiency, labour, confinement, lying-in, travail, childbed
Derivationally related forms:
labour (for: labour), parturient (for: parturiency)
Hypernyms:
parturition, birth, giving birth, birthing
Hyponyms:
premature labor, premature labour
Part Holonyms:
pregnancy, gestation, maternity
Part Meronyms:
uterine contraction, effacement, asynclitism, obliquity
4. an organized attempt by workers to improve their status by united action (particularly via labor unions) or the leaders of this movement
Syn:
labor movement, trade union movement
Hypernyms:
reform movement
Hyponyms:
Industrial Workers of the World, IWW, I.W.W., unionism, trade unionism
Part Meronyms:
union, labor union, trade union, trades union, brotherhood
5. any piece of work that is undertaken or attempted
- he prepared for great undertakings
Syn:
undertaking, project, task
Derivationally related forms:
task (for: task), project (for: project), undertake (for: undertaking)
Hypernyms:
work
Hyponyms:
cinch, breeze, picnic, snap, duck soup,
child's play, pushover, walkover, piece of cake, adventure, escapade,
risky venture, dangerous undertaking, assignment, baby, enterprise, endeavor,
endeavour, labor of love, labour of love, marathon, endurance contest, no-brainer,
proposition, tall order, large order, venture
Instance Hyponyms:
Manhattan Project

II - verb
1. strive and make an effort to reach a goal (Freq. 5)
- She tugged for years to make a decent living
- We have to push a little to make the deadline!
- She is driving away at her doctoral thesis
Syn:
tug, labour, push, drive
See Also:
push on (for: push)
Derivationally related forms:
drive (for: drive), push (for: push), labour (for: labour), laborer
Hypernyms:
fight, struggle
Hyponyms:
strive, reach, strain
Verb Group:
push, bear on
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s to INFINITIVE
2. work hard (Freq. 1)
- She was digging away at her math homework
- Lexicographers drudge all day long
Syn:
labour, toil, fag, travail, grind,
drudge, dig, moil
Derivationally related forms:
drudge (for: drudge), drudgery (for: drudge), grind (for: grind), travail (for: travail), toiler (for: toil), toil (for: toil), labour (for: labour), labourer (for: labour), laborer
Hypernyms:
work, do work
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s
- Somebody ----s PP
3. undergo the efforts of childbirth
Syn:
labour
Derivationally related forms:
labour (for: labour)
Hypernyms:
undergo
Entailment:
give birth, deliver, bear, birth, have
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s

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