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Từ điển WordNet v3.1 - WordNet Dictionary
jump



I - noun
1. a sudden and decisive increase
- a jump in attendance
Syn:
leap
Hypernyms:
increase
Hyponyms:
quantum leap, quantum jump
2. an abrupt transition
- a successful leap from college to the major leagues
Syn:
leap, saltation
Derivationally related forms:
leap (for: leap)
Hypernyms:
transition
Hyponyms:
quantum jump
3. (film) an abrupt transition from one scene to another
Hypernyms:
transition
4. a sudden involuntary movement
- he awoke with a start
Syn:
startle, start
Derivationally related forms:
start (for: start), jumpy, startle (for: startle)
Hypernyms:
reflex, reflex response, reflex action, instinctive reflex, innate reflex,
inborn reflex, unconditioned reflex, physiological reaction
Hyponyms:
startle response, startle reaction, startle reflex, Moro reflex, wince, flinch
5. descent with a parachute
- he had done a lot of parachuting in the army
Syn:
parachuting
Derivationally related forms:
parachute (for: parachuting)
Hypernyms:
descent
Hyponyms:
skydiving
6. the act of jumping;
propelling yourself off the ground
- he advanced in a series of jumps
- the jumping was unexpected
Syn:
jumping
Derivationally related forms:
jump (for: jumping)
Hypernyms:
propulsion, actuation
Hyponyms:
header, hop, leap, leaping, spring,
spring, bound, bounce, vault, hurdle,
jumping up and down, capriole

II - verb
1. move forward by leaps and bounds (Freq. 19)
- The horse bounded across the meadow
- The child leapt across the puddle
- Can you jump over the fence?
Syn:
leap, bound, spring
See Also:
leap out (for: leap), jump on
Derivationally related forms:
spring (for: spring), bounder (for: bound), bound (for: bound), leap (for: leap), leaper (for: leap), jumping
Hypernyms:
move
Hyponyms:
pronk, bounce, resile, take a hop, spring,
bound, rebound, recoil, reverberate, ricochet, burst,
capriole, galumph, ski jump, saltate, vault, leapfrog,
overleap, curvet, hop, skip, hop-skip, caper
Verb Frames:
- Something ----s
- Somebody ----s
- Somebody ----s PP
- The horses jump across the field
2. move or jump suddenly, as if in surprise or alarm (Freq. 6)
- She startled when I walked into the room
Syn:
startle, start
Derivationally related forms:
start (for: start), startle (for: startle)
Hypernyms:
move
Hyponyms:
shy, boggle, rear back, jackrabbit
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s
- Somebody ----s something
3. make a sudden physical attack on (Freq. 4)
- The muggers jumped the woman in the fur coat
Hypernyms:
assail, assault, set on, attack
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s somebody
4. increase suddenly and significantly (Freq. 2)
- Prices jumped overnight
Hypernyms:
wax, mount, climb, rise
Verb Frames:
- Something ----s
5. be highly noticeable (Freq. 1)
Syn:
leap out, jump out, stand out, stick out
Hypernyms:
look, appear, seem
Verb Frames:
- Something ----s
- Something is ----ing PP
- It ----s that CLAUSE
6. enter eagerly into (Freq. 1)
- He jumped into the game
Hypernyms:
enter, participate
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s PP
7. rise in rank or status (Freq. 1)
- Her new novel jumped high on the bestseller list
Syn:
rise, climb up
Hypernyms:
change
Verb Frames:
- Something ----s
- Something is ----ing PP
8. jump down from an elevated point
- the parachutist didn't want to jump
- every year, hundreds of people jump off the Golden Gate bridge
- the widow leapt into the funeral pyre
Syn:
leap, jump off
Hypernyms:
move
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s
9. run off or leave the rails
- the train derailed because a cow was standing on the tracks
Syn:
derail
Derivationally related forms:
derailment (for: derail)
Hypernyms:
travel, go, move, locomote
Verb Frames:
- Something ----s
10. jump from an airplane and descend with a parachute
Syn:
chute, parachute
Derivationally related forms:
parachutist (for: parachute), parachuter (for: parachute), parachuting (for: parachute), parachute (for: parachute), chute (for: chute)
Hypernyms:
dive, plunge, plunk
Hyponyms:
sky dive, skydive
Entailment:
glide, descend, fall, go down, come down
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s
11. cause to jump or leap
- the trainer jumped the tiger through the hoop
Syn:
leap
Derivationally related forms:
leap (for: leap)
Cause:
leap, bound, spring
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something
- The men jump the horses across the field
12. start (a car engine whose battery is dead) by connecting it to another car's battery
Syn:
jumpstart, jump-start
Hypernyms:
start, start up
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something
- These cars won't jump
13. bypass
- He skipped a row in the text and so the sentence was incomprehensible
Syn:
pass over, skip, skip over
Hypernyms:
neglect, pretermit, omit, drop, miss,
leave out, overlook, overleap
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something
14. pass abruptly from one state or topic to another
- leap into fame
- jump to a conclusion
- jump from one thing to another
Syn:
leap
Derivationally related forms:
leap (for: leap)
Hypernyms:
switch, shift, change
Verb Frames:
- Something is ----ing PP
- Somebody ----s PP
15. go back and forth;
swing back and forth between two states or conditions
Syn:
alternate
Derivationally related forms:
alternation (for: alternate)
Hypernyms:
change, alter, vary
Verb Frames:
- Something is ----ing PP
- Somebody ----s PP

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