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Từ điển Oxford Advanced Learner 8th
essential



es·sen·tial [essential essentials] adjective, noun BrE [ɪˈsenʃl] NAmE [ɪˈsenʃl]
adjective
1. completely necessary; extremely important in a particular situation or for a particular activity
Syn: vital
an essential part/ingredient/component of sth
essential services such as gas, water and electricity
The museum is closed while essential repairs are being carried out.
Even in small companies, computers are an essential tool.
The charity will be taking food and essential supplies to six refugee camps.
This book is essential reading for all nature lovers.
~ to sth Money is not essential to happiness.
~ for sth Experience is essential for this job.
it is essential to do sth It is essential to keep the two groups separate
it is essential that… It is essential that you have some experience.
compare inessential, ↑non-essential, Opp: dispensable
2. only before noun connected with the most important aspect or basic nature of sb/sth
Syn: fundamental
The essential difference between Sara and me is in our attitude to money.
The essential character of the town has been destroyed by the new road.

Word Origin:
Middle English (in the sense ‘in the highest degree’): from late Latin essentialis, from Latin essentia, from esse ‘be’.

Thesaurus:
essential adj.
1.
Experience is essential for this job.
vital • • crucial • • critical • • indispensable • • of the essence • • key • • necessary • • compulsory • • important • |formal imperative • • mandatory • • obligatory
Opp: inessential
essential/vital/crucial/critical/indispensable/key/necessary/important to sth
be essential/vita/crucial/critical/necessary/compulsory/important/imperative/mandatory/obligatory that…
be essential/vita/crucial/critical/necessary/compulsory/important/imperative/mandatory/obligatory to do sth
be essential/vita/crucial/critical/necessary/compulsory/important/imperative/mandatory/obligatory that…/to do sth
2.
The essential difference between us is our attitude to money.
basic • • ultimate • • elementary • |especially written fundamental • • underlying
a/an essential/basic/fundamental/underlying difference/distinction
a/an essential/basic/elementary/fundamental/underlying rule/principle
an essential/a basic/the ultimate/a fundamental/an underlying truth/cause/reason
Essential or basic? Basic looks at things from a practical point of view; essential looks at things from a more philosophical point of view, considering the very nature of things.

Language Bank:
emphasis
Highlighting an important point
This case emphasizes / highlights the importance of honest communication between managers and employees.
Effective communication skills are essential / crucial / vital .
It should be noted that this study considers only verbal communication. Non-verbal communication is not dealt with here.
It is important to remember that / An important point to remember is that non-verbal communication plays a key role in getting your message across.
Communication is not only about the words you use but also your body language and, especially / above all , the effectiveness with which you listen.
I would like to draw attention to the role of listening in effective communication.
Choose your words carefully: in particular , avoid confusing and ambiguous language.
Finally, and perhaps most importantly , you must learn to listen as well as to speak.
note at ↑essential
Language Bank at ↑vital

Language Bank:
vital
Saying that something is necessary
It is vital that journalists can verify the accuracy of their reports.
Journalists play a vital / crucial role in educating the public.
Public trust is a crucial issue for all news organizations.
The ability to write well is essential for any journalist.
The Internet has become an indispensable tool for reporters.
In journalism, accuracy is paramount . / …is of paramount importance .
It is imperative that journalists maintain the highest possible standards of reporting.
Synonyms at ↑essential
Language Banks at ↑emphasis, ↑impersonal

Synonyms:
essential
vital • crucial • critical • decisive • indispensable
These words all describe sb/sth that is extremely important and completely necessary because a particular situation or activity depends on them.
essential • extremely important and completely necessary, because without it sth cannot exist, be made or be successful: Experience is essential for this job.
vital • essential: The police play a vital role in our society.
essential or vital?
These words have the same meaning but there can be a slight difference in tone. Essential is used to state a fact or opinion with authority. Vital is often used when there is some anxiety felt about sth, or a need to persuade sb that a fact or opinion is true, right or important. Vital is less often used in negative statements: It was vital to show that he was not afraid. ◇ Money is not vital to happiness.
crucial • extremely important because a particular situation or activity depends on it: It is crucial that we get this right.
critical • extremely important because a particular situation or activity depends on it: Your decision is critical to our future.
crucial or critical?
These words have the same meaning but there can be a slight difference in context. Critical is often used in technical matters of business or science; crucial is often used to talk about matters that may cause anxiety or other emotions.
decisive • of the greatest importance in affecting the final result of a particular situation: She has played a decisive role in the peace negotiations.
indispensable • essential; too important to be without: Cars have become an indispensable part of our lives.
essential/vital/crucial/critical/decisive/indispensable for sth
essential/vital/crucial/critical/indispensable to sth
essential/vital/crucial/critical that…
essential/vital/crucial/critical to do sth
a(n) essential/vital/crucial/critical/decisive/indispensable part/factor
of vital/crucial/critical/decisive importance
absolutely essential/vital/crucial/critical/decisive/indispensable

Example Bank:
Although useful, the accessories are by no means essential.
Diet is crucial; exercise is equally essential.
Do you consider these textbooks essential for the course?
He believed that some form of religion was essential to human life.
Increased competition makes it essential for the business to innovate.
It is becoming almost essential for students to have a second language.
the skills essential for success
It is essential that you have some experience.
It is essential to keep the two groups separate.
Listening to people's concerns is an essential part of my job.
The essential difference between Sara and me is our attitude to money.
The local government is not able to provide essential services such as gas, water and electricity.

 
noun usually plural
1. something that is needed in a particular situation or in order to do a particular thing
I only had time to pack the bare essentials (= the most necessary things).
The studio had all the essentials like heating and running water.
2. an important basic fact or piece of knowledge about a subject
the essentials of English grammar

Word Origin:
Middle English (in the sense ‘in the highest degree’): from late Latin essentialis, from Latin essentia, from esse ‘be’.

Thesaurus:
essential noun
1. C, usually pl.
Agencies are trying to provide food and other basic essentials.
need • |formal necessity • • want • • requirement
basic essentials/needs/necessities/wants/requirements
the bare essentials/necessities
Essentials, necessities or wants? Wants are the most basic and physical of these; essentials are often more practical; necessities can cover both physical and practical needs
•human/bodily wants
• The studio had all the essentials like heating and running water.
2. essentials pl.
the essentials of English grammar
basics • • practicalities • • introduction • |especially written fundamentals
a/the basic essentials/introduction/fundamentals
teach/grasp the essentials/basics/fundamentals
understand/know/cover/concentrate on the essentials/basics
Basics, essentials or fundamentals? Basics are usually the most practical; essentials are often more theoretical; fundamentals are the most theoretical, concerned with ideas and beliefs
•the basics of survival/good nutrition
• the essentials of arithmetic/how we communicate using language
• the fundamentals of Christian belief/the western concept of law


Example Bank:
I only had time to pack the bare essentials.
The relief agencies are trying to provide food and other basic essentials.

 

▼ Từ liên quan / Related words
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