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Từ điển Oxford Learners Wordfinder Dictionary
spike



I - noun
1. a transient variation in voltage or current (Freq. 2)
Hypernyms:
electrical discharge
2. sports equipment consisting of a sharp point on the sole of a shoe worn by athletes (Freq. 1)
- spikes provide greater traction
Hypernyms:
sports equipment
Hyponyms:
crampon, crampoon, climbing iron, climber, piton, pricket
Part Holonyms:
shoe
3. fruiting spike of a cereal plant especially corn
Syn:
ear, capitulum
Hypernyms:
fruit
Hyponyms:
mealie
Part Holonyms:
corn, maize, Indian corn, Zea mays
4. (botany) an indeterminate inflorescence bearing sessile flowers on an unbranched axis
Topics:
botany, phytology
Hypernyms:
inflorescence
Part Meronyms:
spadix
5. a sharp rise followed by a sharp decline
- the seismograph showed a sharp spike in response to the temblor
Hypernyms:
rise
6. a very high narrow heel on women's shoes
Syn:
spike heel, stiletto heel
Hypernyms:
heel
7. each of the sharp points on the soles of athletic shoes to prevent slipping (or the shoes themselves)
- the second baseman sharpened his spikes before every game
- golfers' spikes damage the putting greens
Hypernyms:
point
Hyponyms:
gaff
8. a sharp-pointed projection along the top of a fence or wall (or a dinosaur)
Hypernyms:
projection
9. a long, thin sharp-pointed implement (wood or metal)
- one of the spikes impaled him
Hypernyms:
implement
10. any holding device consisting of a rigid, sharp-pointed object
- the spike pierced the receipts and held them in order
Syn:
spindle
Hypernyms:
holding device
11. a large stout nail
- they used spikes to fasten the rails to a railroad tie
Hypernyms:
nail

II - verb
1. stand in the way of
Hypernyms:
banish, relegate, bar
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something
2. pierce with a sharp stake or point
- impale a shrimp on a skewer
Syn:
transfix, impale, empale
Derivationally related forms:
impalement (for: impale)
Hypernyms:
pierce, thrust
Hyponyms:
pin, spear
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something
- Something ----s something
3. secure with spikes
Hypernyms:
fasten, fix, secure
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something
4. bring forth a spike or spikes
- my hyacinths and orchids are spiking now
Syn:
spike out
Hypernyms:
develop
Verb Frames:
- Something ----s
5. add alcohol to (beverages)
- the punch is spiked!
Syn:
lace, fortify
Derivationally related forms:
fortification (for: fortify), lacing (for: lace)
Topics:
cooking, cookery, preparation
Hypernyms:
change, alter, modify
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something
- Something ----s something
6. manifest a sharp increase
- the voltage spiked
Hypernyms:
increase
Verb Frames:
- Something ----s

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