1 moving and not moving
2 causing sth to move
3 directions of movement
4 ways of moving
ways of moving JUMP, RUN, SWIM, TURN, WALK
coming and going COME/GO
travel TRAVEL, DRIVE, FLY 2
the movement of water and other liquids WATER, LIQUID
1 moving and not moving
- to change position: move; noun (C/U): movement
Don't move - there's a bee on your arm. ◎ I think I saw something move behind the trees. ◎ The dancer's movements were smooth and beautifully controlled. ◎ During the night there was very little movement on the streets.
- a change of place or position: move
The children stood quietly, watching every move the gorilla made.
- the way that sth moves, or the fact that it is moving: motion (noun U)
The motion of the car sent the baby to sleep.
※ not moving
- not moving: motionless, still, (used about cars, etc) stationary
to lie motionless ◎ Stand still! ◎ a stationary vehicle
※ able to move
- something, especially a structure or part of a structure, that can be moved is movable
a movable screen
- designed so that it can be moved or carried easily: mobile, portable
a mobile phone ◎ a mobile home ◎ a portable television
- when sth is not firmly fixed and therefore is able to move, it is loose
a loose tooth ◎ The ropes on the lorry weren't tied properly and they came loose on the motorway.
※ not likely to move or able to move
- a thing which is well fixed and not likely to move is secure, stable
Those new shelves don't look very secure to me. ◎ The ladder was not stable and the builder fell off.
- not moving or shaking: steady
You need a steady hand to take good photographs.
- to make sth steady: steady sth
He knocked the vase and it started to fall over, but he managed to steady it just in time.
- not moving or not able to move: immobile: to make it impossible for sth to move: immobilize sth
For several seconds the lioness stood immobile, sniffing the air. ◎ The thieves immobilized the car by stealing its wheels.
- to stop suddenly and not be able to move: freeze*
She heard steps coming up the stairs and froze.
- unable to move your body or part of it because of an accident or illness: paralysed (AmE paralyzed); noun (U): paralysis
She broke her back in the crash and became paralysed from the waist down.
- if sth becomes fixed in a particular position so that it cannot be moved, it sticks*, gets* stuck, jams, gets* jammed
This door keeps sticking and I have to use all my strength to open it. ◎ The car got stuck in the mud. ◎ The key turned halfway and then it jammed.
- (used mainly about clothes) to get stuck in sth: catch*
My coat caught in the car door.
- unable to move because you are in a difficult or dangerous situation: trapped
The climbers were trapped at the top of the mountain after the fog came down.
2 causing sth to move
- to change the position of sth: move sth, shift sth
Can you help me to move this table? ◎ I spent the afternoon shifting the furniture in my bedroom around.
- to start sth moving: put*/set* sth in motion
Jill pressed the button to set the machine in motion.
- to move sb/sth to a particular position: put* sb/sth somewhere, place sth somewhere
Could you put the boxes over there, please.
- to hold sb/sth in your hands, in your arms or on your back while you are moving from one place to another: carry sb/sth
- to move or try to move sb/sth towards you: pull sb/sth
- to move or try to move sb/sth away from you: push sb/sth
- to make sth move with a quick, sudden movement: flick sth; noun: flick
He flicked some ash off the end of his cigarette. ◎ The frog caught the fly with a flick of the tongue.
※ more on putting, carrying, pulling and pushing PUT, BRING/TAKE/CARRY, PULL/PUSH
3 directions of movement
- nearer to sb/sth: to, towards ※¦
You move first to the left, then to the right. ◎ Okay, now walk towards me.
- away, showing the place where sth starts or started: from ※¦
When do the children come home from school? ◎ A strange noise came from the next room.
- to a different place or in a different direction: away (from ※¦)
Did you ever run away from home when you were a child? ◎ Go away!
- from one place to another and then back again: back and forth, to and fro
Every week I go back and forth between Cardiff and London. ◎ I spend all my time going to and fro between work and home.
- to a position in or inside sth: into ※¦, in (※¦)
Everyone cheered when she walked into the room. ◎ Do you want a lift? Get in!
- away from, or no longer in, a particular place: out (of ※¦)
She refused to come out of her bedroom. ◎ I'll put the cat out.
- from one end or side of sth to another: through (※¦)
I usually go through the park on my way home. ◎ The train's going through a tunnel.
- from one end of sth to or towards the other end: along (※¦)
I love walking along the river in the early morning.
- from one side of sth to another: across (※¦), over (※¦)
We had to find a way of getting across the river. ◎ He climbed over the wall and ran away.
- from the top towards the bottom of sth: down (※¦)
The boy came running down the hill. ◎ She stood at the bedroom window, looking down into the garden.
- from the bottom towards the top of sth: up (※¦)
I walked up the stairs behind him. ◎ There's a good view from here. Why don't you climb up too?
- in front or to the side of sb/sth: by (※¦), past (※¦)
He drove straight by without stopping! ◎ They walked past the post office and went into the baker's.
- in a circle: round/around (※¦)
Can you run round the block without stopping?
- to move further in a particular direction in order to make space for sb/sth else: move across/along/down/over/up
Could you move up please? We're all a bit squashed here.
- to move forward: (formal) advance, (formal) progress; noun (U): progress
The demonstrators began to advance towards the line of police. ◎ The heavy traffic meant we made very little progress.
- to move away from sth: (formal) retreat; noun: retreat
The burglar started to enter the house, but he retreated immediately when he heard a dog barking.
- to move back or away from sb/sth: draw* back/away (from ※¦), back away (from ※¦)
The crowd drew back to let the police through.
4 ways of moving
※ quickly or easily
- to move somewhere quickly: speed*, fly*, rush
We sped round the corner. ◎ When I saw the time, I flew downstairs and jumped in a taxi. ◎ After work I rushed home to pick up my sports gear.
- to move very quickly and with a loud noise (usually used about a car, motor bike, plane, etc): zoom
The plane zoomed low overhead.
- to move suddenly and quickly in a certain direction: dart, shoot*
She darted into the office. ◎ Somebody shot past me. I couldn't see who it was. ◎ The pain shot down her arm.
- to move over a smooth surface: slide*; to make sth move in this way: slide* sth
She came sliding across the ice. ◎ The barman slid the bottle along the bar. ◎ a sliding door
- to move smoothly on wheels, or as if on wheels: roll
The car began to roll backwards down the hill.
- to move smoothly without noise or effort: glide
The skaters glided across the ice on the pond.
- able to move in a smooth and attractive way: graceful (adverb gracefully); noun (U): grace
a graceful dancer ◎ to walk gracefully
- able to move quickly and easily: agile; noun (U): agility
as agile as a cat
※ slowly or with difficulty
- to move forward very slowly: crawl, creep*
The traffic was crawling along the road. ◎ We crept along at five miles an hour.
- to move forward, with difficulty, by pushing: push
Frank pushed his way through the crowd to get to the front. ◎ to push past sb
- to change direction suddenly, especially in a car: swerve
He swerved to avoid a lorry and ended up in a field.
- (used about a vehicle) to be out of control and move sideways across the road: skid; noun: skid
The car skidded on a patch of ice.
- to move suddenly in a particular direction, especially when out of control: lurch
The taxi driver let out the clutch and the car lurched forward.
- to move in an uneven way, for example when going over rough ground: bump
We bumped along the track to the cottage.
- to move forward with a sudden pull, push or other movement: jerk, jolt; adjective: jerky (adverb jerkily)
The lorry jolted down the bumpy road. ◎ jerky movements
- to make sb/sth move suddenly: jolt sb/sth; noun: jolt
The crash jolted all the passengers forward. ◎ The train stopped with a jolt.
※ up and down
- to move upwards: go* up, rise* (up)
We watched the balloon rise up into the clouds.
- to move downwards: go* down, (formal) descend
The sun went down. ◎ Our plane descended through the clouds.
- to move downwards through water: sink*
The ship hit an iceberg and sank.
- to move up and down continuously (like a ball): bounce; to make sth move in this way: bounce sth
The ball bounced twice and then he kicked it. ◎ I love bouncing on the trampoline.
- to move in a lively way, usually up and down: dance
Emma was dancing up and down with excitement.
※ from side to side or backwards and forwards
- (used about aeroplanes and ships) to move up and down or from side to side: pitch
The ship pitched and rolled in the rough sea.
- to move gently up and down or from side to side: wave; to make sth move in this way: wave sth
The long grass waved in the breeze. ◎ The children waved their flags and cheered.
- to move backwards and forwards or from side to side: rock; to make sb/sth move in this way: rock sth
She rocked her baby to sleep in its cradle.
- to move continuously and very quickly from side to side: vibrate
The sound is produced when the strings of the instrument vibrate.
- to move from side to side or up and down with short, quick movements: shake*; to make sb/sth move in this way: shake* sb/sth
The baby rabbits were shaking with fear. ◎ Sheila shook her mother to wake her up. ◎ Shake the bottle before drinking.
- a slight shaking or trembling movement: tremor
- to move about with short, quick movements, especially from side to side: wriggle; to move a part of your body in this way: wriggle sth; a wriggling movement: wriggle
Shaun wriggled out of his sleeping bag. ◎ She wriggled her toes.
- to move from side to side in an unsteady way: wobble; adjective: wobbly
Put something under the table leg. It's wobbling. ◎ wobbly jelly
- to move backwards and forwards or from side to side, while hanging from sth: swing
The monkey was swinging from branch to branch.
- to move or swing slowly from side to side: sway, roll
The dancers were swaying in time to the music. ◎ The ship was rolling in the storm.
※ round and round
- to move round in a circle, especially in the air: circle (sb/sth)
The birds were circling overhead. ◎ We circled the town centre three times before we found a place to park.
- (used about liquids, the air, etc) to move round and round continuously: circulate
Blood circulates round the body. ◎ Leave a gap between the heater and the wall to allow the air to circulate freely.
- to move round very quickly: whirl; to make sth move in this way: whirl sth
The people whirled round and round on the merry-go-round.
- to move round and round: swirl; to make sth move in this way: swirl sth
Her long skirt swirled around her ankles as she danced.
- to move by turning over and over: roll; to make sth move in this way: roll sth
He dropped the ball and it rolled into the road. ◎ They were trying to roll the log up the path.
- to move about or keep moving sth in a restless way: fidget (about) (with sth)
Stop fidgeting and sit still.
- to shake because you are cold, frightened, etc: tremble, shiver
He was trembling with fear. ◎ Her hand was trembling as she picked up the pen to sign. ◎ You're shivering. Shall I shut the window?
※ caused by wind or water
- when the wind moves, it blows*; when it causes sth to move, it blows* sth
The wind was blowing gently through the trees. ◎ The yacht was blown far out to sea.
- to move up and down or from side to side quickly and lightly: flutter; to make sth do this: flutter sth
A leaf fluttered to the ground. ◎ The bird fluttered its wings and tried to fly.
- to be moved or carried along by wind or water: drift
The boat drifted out to sea.