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Từ điển Oxford Advanced Learner 8th
dim



dim [dim dims dimmed dimming dimmer dimmest] adjective, verb BrE [dɪm] NAmE [dɪm]
adjective (dim·mer, dim·mest
 
LIGHT
1. not bright
the dim glow of the fire in the grate
This light is too dim to read by.  
 
PLACE
2. where you cannot see well because there is not much light
a dim room/street  
 
SHAPE
3. that you cannot see well because there is not much light
the dim outline of a house in the moonlight
I could see a dim shape in the doorway.  
 
EYES
4. not able to see well
His eyesight is getting dim.  
 
MEMORIES
5. that you cannot remember or imagine clearly
Syn: vague
dim memories
She had a dim recollection of the visit.
• (humorous)in the dim and distant past  
 
PERSON
6. (informal, especially BrE)not intelligent
He's very dim.  
 
SITUATION
7. not giving any reason to have hope; not good
Her future career prospects look dim.

Word Origin:
Old English dim, dimm, of Germanic origin; related to German dialect timmer.

Thesaurus:
dim adj.
1.
The light was too dim to read by.
faint • • weak • • soft • |literary thin
Opp: bright
dim/faint/weak/soft/thin light
a dim/faint/soft glow
a dim/faint outline
Dim, faint or weak? Dim describes light in a room or place when it is not bright enough to see clearly; faint describes a particular point of light which is hard to see; weak usually describes sunlight that is not bright.
2.
They stepped into the dim and cluttered shop.
gloomy • • dreary • • dingy
Opp: bright
a dim/gloomy/dreary/dingy room
a dim/gloomy corridor/interior/street
a dim/gloomy/dreary place/day

Example Bank:
He seems incredibly dim sometimes!
He was good-natured but rather dim.
The living room looked dim and shadowy.
A dim lamp swung in the entrance.
A voice came from the dim interior.
It was hard to see in the dim glow of the streetlights.
Owls' eyesight is good in dim light.
She was a pleasant but rather dim young woman.
The light is too dim to read by.
The room was dim because the curtains were half drawn.
The room was very dim with a murky greenish light.
They stepped into the dim and cluttered little shop.
Idiom:take a dim view of somebody
Derived Word:dimness
 
verb (-mm-) 
 
LIGHT
1. intransitive, transitive ~ (sth) if a light dims or if you dim it, it becomes or you make it less bright
The lights in the theatre dimmed as the curtain rose.  
 
FEELING/QUALITY
2. intransitive, transitive ~ (sth) if a feeling or quality dims, or if sth dims it, it becomes less strong
Her passion for dancing never dimmed over the years.
Verb forms:

Word Origin:
Old English dim, dimm, of Germanic origin; related to German dialect timmer.

Example Bank:
The electric light flickered and dimmed slightly.
We dimmed the lights in the room.
Dim the lights to create some atmosphere.

 

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